On February 25th, 2021 South African athlete Caster Semenya filed an application to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR)1 to fight for dignity, equality, and the human rights of women in sports. She challenges the demeaning and intrusive regulations implemented by the World Athletics in 2018 that discriminate and prohibit some women, including women born with variations of sex characteristics, to participate in international competitions.
Our research document contains the results of the research that we conducted together with ILGA-Europe and C.I.A. The research aims at showing a positive trend in Europe towards the recognition of non-binary identities.
Intersex people are belonging to the most vulnerable and marginalized groups in our society. This is also true in regards of their socio-economic situation: Ongoing discrimination, stigmatisation and the consequences of human rights violations is preventing intersex people from experiencing full equality in the area of employment.
For many intersex refugees other or additional reasons for persecution and discrimination can be their gender expression and sex characteristics (SOGIESC). On their arrival in Europe they are entering into a country where intersex is still stigmatized and a taboo, where there is still too little awareness of what it means to be intersex, and where non-consensual surgeries and treatments of intersex people are still the norm.
While many legal contexts do not explicitly address intersex genital mutilation (IGM), female genital mutilation (FGM) is widely addressed in the European legal landscape…
Intersex youth deserve an education where they can develop their full potential, safe & free from harassment & discrimination, and that represents them in an affirmative, positive & non-stigmatizing manner.